The term “Governance” is applied to and has been defined as the exercise of the economic, political, and administrative authority in the management of the country’s affairs at all levels. It can be described as the means through which the society defines its goals and priorities, and it is also helpful for the progress of the global, regional, national, or local cooperation.
An appropriate governability of water will facilitate the fulfillment of development objectives related to the economic growth, poverty reduction, health, and environmental protection. The module of water governance aims to generate discussion about governance at Latin American and global level.
Keywords: Governance models, Constitutional reforms, Water legislation, Institutionalization of water, Instruments for governance.
Human life is affected by its environment to the extent that its survival and development depend on this. The environment provides human life with energy for its subsistence, habitat to develop productive activities, and landfill to deposit the waste it has produced. Years ago, company and environment were rivals, because the functioning of industries produces environmental damages, and for industries the environment was always considered as an inconvenience and an obstacle for their daily activities, their development, and their job creation. Nowadays, there are many companies which have considered this issue and they have decided to comply with sustainable development and social responsibility. For these reasons, the module of strategic corporate management aims to generate discussion about companies and their environment, the conflict resolution, and the company-environment-water relationship.
Keywords: Company – environment, conflict resolution, RSEAgua (Corporate Social Responsibility for water), Cooperation and water networks.
The research of the water-energy relationship is fundamental to ensure that future generations are part of a sustainable future. Researches -that give solutions to reduce power consumption in the systems for obtaining, distributing, and treating water; added to the development of sectorial policies in water and energy areas- will allow to obtain multiple benefits and take advantage of savings opportunities, both water and energy, which give us opportunities of economic and social development that result in a better life quality. However, this nexus does not receive the necessary attention, despite the water shortage and the worldwide energy dependence. The module of water and energy scenarios aims to generate discussion about the water-energy nexus, focusing on emerging techniques, models, and tools, energy efficiency for water use, and the challenges of hydropower development.
Keywords: Emerging techniques, models, and tools, Challenges of hydropower development, Water-Energy nexus; Energy Efficiency for water use, Water and Energy Scenarios for the year 2030.
Generally, the industry has water as one of its major inputs, which is used in many ways: for cleaning, heating, and cooling processes, generation of steam, and transportation of dissolved substances or particles, such as raw material as solvent, among others. Many industrial processes generate waste-water which must be controlled and mitigated to avoid its negative effect on the environment. Water treatment has become an important component in operations around the world. Another important component is a good management and water use due to the growing shortage and the regulatory restrictions, which seek to sustain the use of the resource. The module of water and industry seeks to have experiences about concrete tools and solutions that are being used in the industry, as well as lessons learned from unsuccessful experiences around the world and discussions about emerging technologies.
Keywords: Management indicators, Control and monitoring systems, Challenges of water management in the industry, Technologies for sustainable water management, Water Efficiency and reuse, New water sources.
The occupation of the territory is associated with the availability of water. Historically, the first stage of the occupation of any territory began according to the water availability and conditions. On the other hand, the integrated water management (GIRH by the acronym in Spanish) is the process that promotes the management and development of water, land, and related resources in order to improve social and economic welfare equitably without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems. The module of territorial planning and water management aims to generate discussion about international experiences, existing management models such as lessons learned in order to address challenges of territorial planning and governability of water.
Keywords: Water infrastructure, management of extreme effects (drought, floods, isolated areas), Water Management at basin level, Territorial planning and water, indicators (social, economic, environmental), Water management in urban areas, Climate change mitigation and adaptation.
The access to safe water supply, sanitation conditions, and proper sanitary habits, is recognized as a basic need and as an essential requirement for the maintenance of health and quality of life, as well as one of the factors that boost the development. At the time of initiating any water and sanitation program, there are three important interrelated elements: the provision of drinking water and wastewater; the sustainability of the projects through the involvement of the community and the institutional support to the communities, the development agencies, and the government policies. The module of drinking water supply and sanitation aims to generate discussion about the Latin America and world realities, presenting experiences, models, solutions, etc.
Keywords: Access to water, Water reuse, Quality indicators, Technological challenges to address water quality, Sanitation, Appropriate technologies, Implementation models.
Six of the eight countries of the world that have more than 70% of the original forest cover are found in South America. However, the richness and variety of the natural resources have been subjected to natural processes of deterioration and alteration. On the other hand, the anthropogenic pressure about the inappropriate resources and uses has accelerated the degradation processes, causing the reduction of the biodiversity, the loss of habitats and ground cover (deforestation), the loss and degradation of soils, the desertification, and the reduction, affectation and/or contamination of water sources. The module of sustainable water areas aims to generate discussion about the rehabilitation and conservation of freshwater ecosystems, glaciers, recharge and upwelling areas, and wetlands (lakes, estuaries, etc.)
Keywords: Rehabilitation and conservation of freshwater ecosystems , Glaciers, Recharge and upwelling areas, wetlands (lakes, estuaries, etc.), Climate change, Water efficiency and reuse, Water reserves, Transboundary basins, Conflict resolution, Ecosystem services.
The food security is closely linked to the water security due to agriculture is the sector of economic activity that consumes more resources in terms of water and land. Therefore, water and its management are very important in order to advance in terms of food security. In the next decades, the population growth, the urbanization, the changes in eating habits or the climate change will carry out a growing pressure on the water resources in many regions of the world. To feed the future population and reduce the hunger is a challenge. It is also a challenge to satisfy the water needs of the rest of the economic sectors without causing environmental damage. The module of food security and efficiency aims to generate discussion about the food and water security, and its consequences and impacts.
Keywords: Water security, Food security, Conflict management, Water efficiency and reuse.